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BPA 303 Week 1 Discussion Question 1
Under the current administration, which theory provides the most insight in terms of effective policy implementation? Why? Based on these theories, how do we know policy implementation is occurring?
BPA 303 Week 1 Discussion Question 2
What is the difference between policy development and policy implementation? Who are the key players in policy implementation? How important are each of the key players in determining the success of policy implementation?
BPA 303 Week 1 Discussion Question 3
Which policy implementers have the most power? Why? What happens when the policy implementer tries to implement unclear policies? How do legislative bodies make it difficult for administrators to implement policy?
BPA 303 Week 1 Discussion Question 4
How do limited resources affect policy implementation? If the laws are already passed, how can pressure groups and political organizations influence policy implementation?
BPA 303 Week 1 Discussion Question 5
How does effective policy implementation improve the delivery of public goods and services? What is the role of private industry in the implementation of public policy?
BPA 303 Week 1 Individual Assignment: Theories Paper
-Write a 700- to 1,050-word paper analyzing theories and approaches of policy implementation. Address the following in your paper:
-Describe at least three major policy implementation approaches and the theorists associated with these approaches.
-Identify the most effective approach and explain why it is the most effective.
BPA 303 Week 2 Discussion Question 1
How do the media affect policy implementation? How do proposed faith-based initiatives influence the policy implementation process? Who are the players?
BPA 303 Week 2 Discussion Question 2
What is an effective approach in identifying key actors in the implementation process? How do the media and constituents together advocate the revisions of programs and policies and shape public opinion?
BPA 303 Week 2 Discussion Question 3
What policies or programs might be appropriate for implementation by not-for-profit or community organizations? What might be the influence of effective implementation if it were directed at a federal level instead of a state or local level? Is it a good idea to shift power from the federal government to states and localities? Why or why not?
BPA 303 Week 2 Discussion Question 4
How do you measure political influence? What are the advantages and disadvantages of political influence? Is the shaping of public opinion by external influences good or bad for effective policy implementation? Why or why not?
BPA 303 Week 2 Individual Assignment: Obstacles and Constraints Paper
-Write a 700- to 1,050-word paper identifying a current issue that demonstrates a disconnect between the development of a policy and its implementation. In the early 1990s, for example, Congress mandated state and local governments add 100,000 new police officers but did not provide long-term funding for these officers. In your paper, identify the specific obstacles and constraints that generated the disconnect in your selected issue.
BPA 303 Week 2 Learning Team Assignment: Policy Implementation Paper
-Select a congressionally mandated program such as HeadStart, the Women Infant and Children program, No Child Left Behind Act, the Telecommunications Act, and so forth.
-Obtain instructor approval for the selected program.
-Write a 1,050- to 1,750-word paper in which you complete the following:
-Describe the programs intent.
-Evaluate the efforts of state and local government to implement the program.
-Highlight differences in the interpretation of the policy.
-Identify any program constraints, such as financial resources, human capital, and local culture.
-Analyze the relationships between the policy developers and the policy implementers regarding the selected program.
BPA 303 Week 3 Discussion Question 1
Which evaluation theory provides developers and implementers the best insight into appropriate implementation revisions? Why? When would you use a formative evaluation? When would you use a summative evaluation?
BPA 303 Week 3 Discussion Question 2
How can evaluators use feedback to further their own agendas? How can media involvement help or hinder the evaluation process? What are some of the reasons evaluation research has minimal influence on programs? Why is it difficult to change or terminate a program?
BPA 303 Week 3 Individual Assignment: Implementation Memo
-Assume you are the mayor of a small rural town and have received a large federal grant to fund a daycare program for unwed teenage mothers. The intent of the mandated program is to allow these mothers to continue their education.
-Write a 350- to 700-word memo to the town council in which you:
-Outline the implementation of the program.
-Identify two groups who support the program and two groups who oppose the program.
-Discuss how you plan to address the concerns of those groups who oppose the program.
-Identify the person or organization who will be designated to implement this program and why.
BPA 303 Week 3 Individual Assignment: Implementing and Evaluating Public Policy Simulation Summary
-Complete the Implementing and Evaluating Public Policy simulation located on the student Web page for this course.
-Write a 350-word summary answering the following questions:
-Why might the balancing presence of powerful interest groups against lobbyists make certain that policy is ultimately acceptable to all stakeholders?
-Can continual fine-tuning and iterations during policy implementation make the policy implementer lose sight of the initial problem?
-What are the implications of terminating a policy or program being implemented in your neighborhood?
BPA 303 Week 3 Learning Team Assignment: Implementation Memo Presentation
-Evaluate each team members individual analysis of the program identified in the Implementation Memo due in Week Three.
-Prepare an 8- to 10-slide MicrosoftåÊPowerPointåÊpresentation, with speakerÌ_Ì_åÈs notes, including the following information:
-Expand on the memo delivered by the mayor to the town council.
-Address the concerns of those who support the program and the concerns of those who oppose the program.
BPA 303 Week 4 Discussion Question 1
What are some positive and negative impacts of policy evaluation on programs? Why do negative evaluations not always result in decreased funding for ineffective programs?
BPA 303 Week 4 Discussion Question 2
What is the relative importance of feedback from both internal and external sources? How does feedback from external constituents affect policy implementation?
BPA 303 Week 4 Discussion Question 3
How can negative publicity be detrimental to funding? How do program administrators manage the day-to-day operations of their programs in an environment of negative publicity and decreased funding? Provide an example.
BPA 303 Week 4 Individual Assignment: Policy Evaluation Paper
-Locate at least two articles that demonstrate different methods of public policy evaluation.
-Write a 700- to 1,050-word paper comparing and contrasting the methods in the selected articles. Include the following in your paper:
-A description of the evaluation methods
-The factors that affected the policy evaluations
-The conclusions that were reached
BPA 303 Week 4 Learning Team Assignment: Theories and Approaches of Policy Evaluation Paper
-Write a 1,050- to 1,400-word paper in which you complete the following:
-Analyze the theories and approaches of policy evaluation.
-Identify the policy evaluation theory that would be most appropriate for determining the effectiveness of your selected program.
-Identify obstacles and constraints to the evaluation of this program.
BPA 303 Week 5 Discussion Question 1
Describe a situation where a change is warranted based on feedback but is impractical because of realistic considerations. What are the implications of this scenario?
BPA 303 Week 5 Individual Assignment: Feedback and Evaluation Paper
-Select a federal, state, local, or not-for-profit program that has been changed based on feedback and evaluation.
-Write a 1,050- to 1,400-word paper in which you describe the following:
-The internal and external feedback mechanisms
-The information generated from the feedback
-How the program has been changed as a result of the evaluation
BPA 303 Week 5 Learning Team Assignment: Policy Evaluation Findings and Recommendations Paper
-Evaluate the program chosen for the Policy Implementation Paper due in Week Two, summarize the information to date, and develop a recommendation for modifying the program based on program policy evaluation.
-Write a 350- to 700-word executive decision memorandum directly addressing the problems with the program that the Learning Team has identified.
A constituent group is a group of people, based on a common interest or moral belief, having the power to frame or alter a political constitution or fundamental law. This power is derived from the citizens and their public interest on a specific topic of interest to the nation. Constituent groups throughout history have been responsible for placing key individuals in positions of power, thus gaining political favors and forming laws to benefit their ideas and influence public policy. The norms of a culture are often used to determine the topics of influence for a constituent group. For instance, constituent groups in the security sectors will cite reasons for certain decisions as being in the benefit of public safety. Then they will use their influence to elect key people into areas of the government that will be able to use their influence to change the laws in order to meet the constituent groups‰۪ objectives. In this case their influences have established laws for seat belts with the implicit idea of protecting people from harm. The form of power that is derived from this type of constituent influence is known as positional power. Unfortunately this type of power has the ability to be abused. As the elected officials and the constituent groups can be bought with monetary gain and political favors, the individual they have placed in power will vote as the constituent groups determine and not as the public demands.